Corn is the second most popular cereal worldwide and is grown widely throughout the world in a range of agro-ecological environments.
Corn is grown throughout India and acreage has been going up due to increasing demand from poultry feed industry and other industrial purposes. However, 60% of its area is concentrated in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh. Maize is grown in wide range of production environments, ranging from the temperate hill zones in Himachal Pradesh in the North to the semi-arid desert margins in Rajasthan in the West to the humid tropical zones in Karnataka in the South.
There are several problems faced by corn farmers, the major ones of which can be broadly categorized into diseases like Northern Corn Leaf Blight (NCLB), stalk rot, agronomy, output traits like starch content, and abiotic stress tolerance like drought tolerance.
Keeping the challenges in view we are developing potential breeding strategies by following heterotic groups for enhancement of combining abilities while concentrating on maximization of genetic diversity. We are concentrating on intensive inbred line development with unique features. Objectives of our corn research program are:
Tierra has over 500 + germ plasm collections having sources of resistance to NCLB, DM and tolerance to Drought. The breeding program in Tierra is mainly focused on HDPS with multiple disease resistance (MDR). We have a technology tie-up with Iden Biotechnology, a Spanish company, for high starch corn. We have identified several lines for high Beta Carotene content, suitability for high density planting and dual purpose. Over 1600 hybrids have been tested in the last two seasons and we will be commercially launching two products in Kharif 2016.
|Hybrid||Maturity (Days)||Cob Placement||Cob Length||Grain Type||Grain Colour||Yield (kg/h)||Suitable areas||Remarks|
|TS 2501||110 - 120||Medium (6th Node)||18 - 20||Semi Flint||Orange Yellow||7000 - 8500||South and West|
|TS 2502||110 - 115||Medium (6th Node)||20 - 21||Semi Flint||Orange Yellow||8000 - 9500||South and West|
|TS 2503||110 - 115||Medium (6th Node)||19 - 20||Semi Dent||Orange Yellow||6000 - 8000||South and West||Good, Stays green, Good fodder quality|
|TS 2504||105 - 110||Moderately High (7th Node)||22 - 24||Semi Dent||Yellow||9000 - 11000||South and West||Longer cobs, Purple shank|
|TS 2505||105 - 110||Moderately High (7th Node)||19 - 21||Flint||Orange Yellow||10000 - 12000||South and West||Good, Stays green|
|TS 2506||115 - 120||Medium (6th Node)||20 - 22||Flint||Orange||11000 - 13000||South and West||Good, Stays green, Excellent tip filling|